Places To Visit in Argentina
Argentina is a massive South American nation with terrain encompassing Andes mountains, glacial lakes and Pampas grassland, the traditional grazing ground of its famed beef cattle. The country is famous for tango dance and music. Its big, cosmopolitan capital, Buenos Aires, is centered on the Plaza de Mayo, lined with stately 19th-century buildings including Casa Rosada, the iconic, balconied presidential palace.Popular destinations are Buenos Aires, Bariloche, Ushuaia, El Calafate, Puerto Madryn and Trelew.
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Buenos Aires is Argentina’s big, cosmopolitan capital city. Its center is the Plaza de Mayo, lined with stately 19th-century buildings including Casa Rosada, the iconic, balconied presidential palace. Other major attractions include Teatro Colón, a grand 1908 opera house with nearly 2,500 seats, and the modern MALBA museum, displaying Latin American art.
In Microcentro, the business district, shopping thoroughfare Florida Street leads to Plaza San Martín, a busy park. Elegant Recoleta is home to upscale shops and La Recoleta Cemetery, with the ornate graves of Eva Perón (a famous former First Lady) and other Argentine luminaries. San Telmo has cobblestone streets and a popular antique fair. La Boca, the Italian quarter, offers colorful Caminito alley and La Bombonera football stadium. Palermo’s leafy streets are lined with hip boutiques, restaurants and bars. Classic Buenos Aires experiences include shopping for leather, dining at a parilla (steakhouse) and dancing the tango.
Los Glaciares National Park
Los Glaciares National Park is in the Austral Andes of southwest Argentina, near the Chilean border. Its many glaciers include Perito Moreno, best known for the dramatic icefalls from its front wall, into Lake Argentino. In the north, Mount Fitz Roy’s jagged peak rises above the mountain town of El Chaltén and Lake Viedma. The park is home to many birds, such as condors and black-chested buzzard eagles.
The Iguazu Falls, Iguassu Falls or Iguaçu Falls are waterfalls of the Iguazu River on the border of the Argentine province of Misiones and the Brazilian state of Paraná. They are the largest waterfalls system in the world. The falls divide the river into the upper and lower Iguazu. The Iguazu River rises near the city of Curitiba. For most of its course, the river flows through Brazil; however, most of the falls are on the Argentine side. Below its confluence with the San Antonio River, the Iguazu River forms the boundary between Argentina and Brazil.
El Calafate is a town near the edge of the Southern Patagonian Ice Field in the Argentine province of Santa Cruz. It’s mainly known as the gateway to Los Glaciares National Park, home to the massive Perito Moreno Glacier, whose ever-shifting icy landscape is popular for hiking and sightseeing. A modern interpretive center called the Glaciarium serves as a primer on the region’s numerous glaciers.
El Calafate sits on the southern shore of Argentino Lake, offering boat tours and fishing. Lakeside Laguna Nimez Reserve is home to flamingos, geese and black-necked swans. The town’s main street, Avenida del Libertador, features quaint shops, cafes, restaurants and accommodations. The El Calafate Historical Interpretation Center presents exhibits on the area’s natural and human history. Surrounding the area are ranches called estancias, many featuring lodging and dining as well as sheep-shearing shows, horseback riding and hiking trails.
Ushuaia is a resort town in Argentina. It's located on the Tierra del Fuego archipelago, the southernmost tip of South America, nicknamed the “End of the World.” The windswept town, perched on a steep hill, is surrounded by the Martial Mountains and the Beagle Channel. It's the gateway to Antarctica cruises and tours to nearby Isla Yécapasela, known as “Penguin Island” for its penguin colonies.
The Maritime and Prison Museums, housed in a former jail, chronicle Ushuaia’s history. The Museo del Fin del Mundo displays tools by indigenous tribes such as the Yámana and screens nature and history films. To the west, along Chile’s border at the end of the Andes, Tierra Del Fuego National Park has varied hiking trails. The Southern Fuegian steam-engine railway or “End of the World Train,” originally built by convicts in the early 1900s, runs from west of Ushuaia to the park. The Martial Mountains offer downhill and cross-country skiing. Beagle Channel boat tours visit the nearby Les Eclaireurs lighthouse, opened in 1920.
San Carlos de Bariloche (commonly called Bariloche) is a town in Argentina’s Patagonia region. It borders Nahuel Huapi, a large glacial lake surrounded by the Andes Mountains. Bariloche is known for its Swiss alpine-style architecture and its chocolate, sold in shops lining Calle Mitre, the main street. It's also a popular base for hiking and skiing the nearby mountains and exploring the surrounding Lake District.
Bariloche is the capital of the Lake District, with its winding Seven Lakes Route and several national parks. Immense Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi is popular for hiking and climbing, with waterfalls, lakes, glaciers, abundant wildlife and Tronador (Thunderer), an extinct volcano rising more than 3,400m. Its other dominant peak, Cerro Catedral, offers ski trails. In town is a Civic Center complex, inspired by the architecture of Bern, Switzerland. It houses the Francisco Moreno Museum of Patagonia, dedicated to the region’s natural history and ethnography.
Puerto Madryn is an Argentine city on the coast of northern Patagonia. Its sandy beaches and restaurant-lined promenade face Golfo Nuevo bay, where southern right whales breed from May to December. Ecocentro is a clifftop museum with exhibits on Patagonian nature, plus a lighthouse-style tower for ocean views. Across the bay, rocky Valdes Peninsula is home to penguins and elephant seals, which are preyed on by orcas.
Trelew is an Argentinean city in northeastern Patagonia. Welsh immigrants who arrived in the 1880s left their legacy in buildings like the simple, red-brick Moriah Chapel. In the former railway station, the Pueblo de Luis Museum has artifacts from Welsh settlers and local indigenous people. The Egidio Feruglio Paleontological Museum features exhibits on Patagonian dinosaurs. Nearby, Gaiman town has Welsh teahouses.