Places To Visit in UK
The United Kingdom, made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, is an island nation in northwestern Europe. England – birthplace of Shakespeare and The Beatles – is home to the capital, London, a globally influential centre of finance and culture. England is also site of Neolithic Stonehenge, Bath’s Roman spa and centuries-old universities at Oxford and Cambridge.Popular Destinations are London, Oxford, Cambridge, Manchester, Durham, Edinburgh, Glasgow & Liverpool
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London, the capital of England and the United Kingdom, is a 21st-century city with history stretching back to Roman times. At its centre stand the imposing Houses of Parliament, the iconic ‘Big Ben’ clock tower and Westminster Abbey, site of British monarch coronations. Across the Thames River, the London Eye observation wheel provides panoramic views of the South Bank cultural complex, and the entire city.
Sir Christopher Wren’s 17th-century St. Paul’s Cathedral towers above ‘The City’, where London’s global Stock Exchange conducts its business. Royal sites include Buckingham Palace, housing the monarch's main residence and offices, and the Tower of London, a former prison that’s home to the Crown Jewels. The British Museum, National Gallery, Tate Britain and Tate Modern explore local and international history and art. West End theatres present classic and cutting-edge drama. Covent Garden, Soho and Spitalfields Market are popular dining and shopping areas. Major public spaces include Trafalgar Square, Hyde Park and Hampstead Heath.
Oxford, a city in central southern England, revolves around its prestigious university, established in the 12th century. The architecture of its 38 colleges in the city’s medieval center led poet Matthew Arnold to nickname it the 'City of Dreaming Spires'. University College and Magdalen College are off the High Street, which runs from Carfax Tower (with city views) to the Botanic Garden on the River Cherwell.
The Cherwell and Thames rivers meander through town, and are popular for punting on flat-bottomed riverboats and collegiate rowing. The Oxford University Parks and Christ Church Meadow are expansive green areas beside the water. Off Broad Street are Balliol and Trinity Colleges, and the university’s main Bodleian Library complex, including the circular Radcliffe Camera building. The Ashmolean Museum is home to Greek and Egyptian archaeological finds and a wealth of fine art, including pre-Raphaelite paintings. The Pitt Rivers Museum offers anthropological displays, while the Museum of Natural History features dinosaur skeletons.
Cambridge is a city on the River Cam in eastern England, home to the prestigious University of Cambridge, dating to 1209. University colleges include King’s, famed for its choir and towering Gothic chapel, as well as Trinity, founded by Henry VIII, and St John’s, with its 16th-century Great Gate. University museums have exhibits on archaeology and anthropology, polar exploration, the history of science and zoology.
The Fitzwilliam Museum houses a noted collection of antiquities and paintings, Kettle’s Yard gallery displays 20th-century art and the Wren Library has rare books and medieval manuscripts. Flat-bottomed boats called "punts" are propelled along the river by long poles, under the wooden Mathematical Bridge and past "The Backs" of several colleges. Riverside parks Jesus Green and Midsummer Common also host public events, and a flourishing cultural scene encompasses performances at the Cambridge Arts Theatre and the Corn Exchange. The University Church, St Mary the Great, has a tower with sweeping city views
Manchester is a major city in the northwest of England with a rich industrial heritage. The Castlefield conservation area’s 18th-century canal system recalls the city’s days as a textile powerhouse, and visitors can trace this history at the interactive Museum of Science & Industry. The revitalised Salford Quays dockyards now house the Daniel Libeskind-designed Imperial War Museum North and the Lowry cultural centre.
The city is famous for the rivalry between its football clubs, Manchester City and Manchester United, whose stadium, Old Trafford, has a museum and tours. Many of the city’s 19th-century, red-brick warehouse and factory buildings now house shops, boutique hotels and nightclubs. Major shopping areas include the Arndale Centre, King Street and St Ann’s Square. The city is known as the birthplace of pop bands like The Smiths, New Order and Oasis, and the music scene is still prominent in clubs and venues of the Northern Quarter.
Durham is a city in northeast England, south of Newcastle upon Tyne. The River Wear loops around the Romanesque Durham Cathedral and Norman Durham Castle. North of the castle, 13th-century, medieval Crook Hall is home to gardens and a maze. South of the river, Durham University offers a Botanic Garden with woodland and tropical plants, and the Oriental Museum exhibiting Asian, Egyptian and Middle Eastern artefacts.
Edinburgh is Scotland's compact, hilly capital. It has a medieval Old Town and elegant Georgian New Town with gardens and neoclassical buildings. Looming over the city is Edinburgh Castle, home to Scotland’s crown jewels and the Stone of Destiny, used in the coronation of Scottish rulers. Arthur’s Seat is an imposing peak in Holyrood Park with sweeping views, and Calton Hill is topped with monuments and memorials.
The Royal Mile, lined with shops selling souvenirs, clan tartans and whisky, leads from the castle to 16th-century Holyrood Palace, an official royal residence. The Scottish National Galleries display Scottish and European art, including portraits of many famous Scots. Princes Street, the main shopping area, is home to 19th-century Jenners Department Store and its skylit grand hall. The summer arts festival season, a city institution, includes the internationally renowned Edinburgh International Festival and its quirkier sibling, Fringe. Restaurants in waterside Leith serve high-end local seafood to traditional fish and chips.
Glasgow is a port city on the River Clyde in Scotland's western Lowlands. It's famed for its Victorian and art nouveau architecture, a rich legacy of the city's 18th–20th-century prosperity due to trade and shipbuilding. Today it's a national cultural hub, home to institutions including the Scottish Opera, Scottish Ballet and National Theatre of Scotland, as well as acclaimed museums and a thriving music scene.
Glasgow's grand Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum fills a red-sandstone Victorian castle. The Burrell Collection, in Pollok Country Park, shows art and antiquities donated to the city by a local shipping magnate. Art nouveau buildings by local architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh include Sauchiehall Street’s Willow Tearooms, Bellahouston Park’s House for an Art Lover and the Glasgow School of Art. The Clyde Waterfront incorporates the futuristic Glasgow Science Centre with interactive displays. Pedestrianised Buchanan Street has upmarket boutiques, and the East End is home to the sprawling ‘Barras’ weekend flea market.
Liverpool is a maritime city in northwest England, where the River Mersey meets the Irish Sea. A key trade and migration port from the 18th to the early 20th centuries, it's also, famously, the hometown of The Beatles. Ferries cruise the waterfront, where the iconic mercantile buildings known as the "Three Graces" – Royal Liver Building, Cunard Building and Port of Liverpool Building – stand on the Pier Head.
Also on the waterfront, the contemporary Museum of Liverpool traces city history, and the Tate Liverpool gallery houses international modern art. The Albert Dock wharf complex features the Liverpool ONE shopping center and the Beatles Story museum. Beatles heritage tours take in sites like the Cavern Club, Penny Lane and the musicians' childhood homes. Walker Art Gallery shows European fine art and sculpture. Other notable museums include the World Museum (science and natural history) and the International Slavery Museum. North of the center, Liverpool F.C. plays its home games at the Anfield stadium.